Cervical cancer: the killer and how it operates

Cervical cancer is one of the most common cancers in women worldwide. Almost all cases are caused by a virus called human papilloma to virus ( HPV). Sexually active women of all age groups are at risk of developing this cancer.one of the scariest things about this can er is that it does not Show any symptoms in it’s early stages, but after the disease has spread to various organs like the liver,bladder,lungs e.t.c symptoms become more prominent. Below are 10 warning signs of cervical cancer you should not ignore,some of them can be caused by other pathologies aside cancer like Sexually transmitted infection,pelvic inflammatory disease e..t.c but  as an adult woman if you notice any of these symptoms do well to consult your  gynecologist for proper check up.
1. Abnormal vaginal bleeding                                                                                                                                      an untimely bout of vaginal bleeding that occurs regularly could be an indicator of cervical cancer. This is because  as cancer spreads  to nearby tissues, it creates new, abnormal capillaries  that break easily and causes bleeding. Such bleeding may happen between menstrual periods, after sexual intercourse, after menopause and even after a pelvic exam. It could also be due to other medical conditions like hormonal imbalance,pelvic inflammatory disease or infection in the pelvic organs
          2 .Unusual vaginal discharge                                                                                                        
   its normal to have a little bit of  colourless,odourless,discharge but if this              discharge increases in quantity,smells foul or has an irregular appearance it could be a sign of infection or cervical or endometrial cancer. If you experience this please consult a gynecologist immediately.
3. painful intercourse                                                                                                                                
This is another warning sign of cervical cancer that is seen in the advanced stage when the cancer has spread throughout the tissues and reproductive organs. 
4. painful urination                                                                                                                                  
This is one of the most obvious and prevalent symptoms of this deadly disease  
5.loss of bladder control
Loss of control is a primary issue when suffering from cervical cancer. It typically indicates tat the cancer has spread beyond a localised area and is affecting the bladder or other parts of the urinary tract.so they tend to have urinary incontinence coupled with blood in urine
6.heavier and longer menstrual period
 irritation of the cervix possibly due to spread of cervical cancer can cause this problem.Heavy bleeding can be due to hormonal imbalance fibroid, polyps,pelvic inflammatory disease, endometriosis, or thyroid, liver or kidney disease. It can even happen due to certain medication  
7. Leg pain 
women diagnosed of cervical cancer often complain of swelling on their legs.whenthe cancer spreads it obstructs blood flow which causes swelling in the legs.This often creates a sore,painful sensation making it hard to carry out day to day activities. The pain tens to be constant and increases in Intensity over time.at times there also may e back pain. 
8.pelvic pain
this usually does not occur unless the cancer is in a very advanced stage.it occurs at unusual times an may start suddenly without any trigger and last for a longer period of time.

9.unexplained weight loss
as seen in other types of cancer,unexplained weight loss can indicate cervical cancer.when suffering from cancer the immune system  works hard to fight it.he body produces small proteins called cytokines which beaks down fat at a much higher rate than normal.this leads to weight loss irrespective of your diet.
10.constant fatigue
if you are feeling low or lack of energy despite resting it could be a cause for concern when suffering from cancer, healthy red blood cells are replace with white blood cells to fight off the disease. This causes anaemia leading to fatigue,lack of nerdy and loss of appetite.in addition there is decreased oxygen supply to the body. 
preventive tips
1.women between 20 and 30 years old should get a screening every 3 years those 30 to 65 years old should be screened every 3 to 5 years.
2. Get a HPV  vaccination be fore your early twenties if possible
3. quit smoking and avoid second hand smoke
4.take the right steps to prevent STDs

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